Welcome to the Brilliant Light Power WikiEdit
Brilliant Light Power (formerly Blacklight Power) is the privately held company founded by Dr. Randell Mills to commercialize inventions and intellectual property that are derived from his Grand Unified Theory of Classical Physics (GUTCP). The 2000 page theory claims to be the first to unify all forces and explain all physical phenomena under a framework of Classical Physics that rejects the probability waves and spookiness of Quantum Mechanics as errors perpetuated by misinterpretations of experiment. For the description of what physical laws are encompassed by the term "Classical Physics" see the Fact Sheet
This website has no business relationship with anyone associated with Brilliant Light Power and receives no funding or other support from them. This page is supported entirely by volunteers, interested in expanding their knowledge of GUTCP.
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Opposition & Support
This Wiki is meant to host all information, favorable and unfavorable, as it relates to these topics. The only expectations are that the material is sourced and the contributor can demonstrate a level of understanding regarding the company, GUTCP theory, and/or Randell Mills.
Supplemental Pages (submitted by participants)
- Fact Sheet (Math-free introduction to GUTCP and SunCell facts.)
- Why bother with GUTCP (A skeptic's introduction on why this site is worth spending some time on.)
- Reference Workpage (Bibliography)
- Brilliant Light Power Videos
- Transcript (Dr. Mills' explanation of the hydrino and excited state radii.)
- Transcript (Dr. Mills' 28 January 2016 Demonstration)
- Summary of Pair Production (Jeff Driscoll)
- Space-time Fourier Primer
[Pages may be added using the Contribute button above.]
Dr. Randell Mills Edit
Randell Lee Mills was born on September 3, 1957.
From 1973 - 1985 he served as CEO and General Partner of Mills Brothers Grain Company whilst undertaking his studies.
He attended Franklin and Marshall Collegein Pennsylvania where he graduated Summa Cum Laude, B.A. in 1982. He was a member of the Black Pyramid Honor Societyand the Phi Beta Kappa National Honour Society where he was the only Junior invited to join in that year. He received the Willig Pentathlon Prize in Chemistry, one of the oldest and most prestigious awards in chemistry first established in 1912 which is awarded to the senior major who scores the highest on an exam covering the General, Analytical, Organic, Inorganic, and Physical areas of Chemistry. The name of each recipient is placed on a plaque and the student receives the income from the endowment established by Herman Luther Willig.
He also received the Michael A. Lewis Memorial Prize in Physics, the Isaac E. Roberts Biology Award, the Rawnsley Science Award, the Morgan D. Person Prize in Chemistry, the Fredrick C. Schiffman Award in Chemistry and the Theodore Alexander Saulnier Award in Chemistry.
On the basis of his academic achievements he was accepted into Harvard Medical School and was awarded his medical degree in 1986. During his medical internship year he took additional classes at MIT to further his education where he studied electrical engineering under Professor Hermann Haus. At Harvard Medical School he was mentored by Dr. Carl Walter, a professor of surgery and a prolific inventor and researcher in his own right who encouraged Mills to focus on invention and commercialization.
In 1985, he was the Founder and President of Mills Technologies and later Founder and President of Luminide Pharmaceutical Corporation. From 1991 he was the Founder and President of HydroCatalysis Power Corp which was first renamed to BlackLight Power Inc. in recognition of the intense UV light produced by hydrino transitions, and later renamed in 2015 to Brilliant Light Power reflecting an increase in power density of the hydrino reactions that results in a brilliant plasma capable of being utilised by photovoltaic cells for direct conversion to electricity.
In 1988 Dr. Mills began working on what was to become the Grand Unified Theory of Classical Physics, spending about a year on the development of the theory to the point where he began to conduct experiments to support his conclusions.
Around the same time he also filed patents on medical treatments for cancer being "System and method for providing localized Mössbauer absorption in an organic medium" which was filed on 27 May 1988 and published on 3 January 1996 and "Luminide and macroluminide class of pharmaceuticals" which was filed on 31 March 1989 and published on 19 October 1989; "Apparatus providing diagnosis and selective tissue necrosis" Filing date 27 May 1988 and published May 24, 1989; "Method and apparatus for selective irradiation of biological materials" Filing date 19 Mar 1986 and published 31 August 1994; "Prodrugs for selective drug delivery" Filing date 4 Dec 1989 and published 27 June 27, 1995; as well as Magnetic susceptibility imaging Filing date 8 Nov 1989 and published 24 Jan 1996.
From the 1990's he also began filing patents on technology applications that arose from predictions and experimental results of his Grand Unified Theory in additional to publishing or seeking to publish numerous peer reviewed papers.
Peer Reviewed Publications Edit
Soft X-ray Continuum Radiation from Low-Energy Pinch Discharges – R. Mills, R. Booker, Y. Lu, J. Plasma Physics, Vol. 79 (2013) 489–507. DOI: 10.1017/S0022377812001109.
Time-Resolved Hydrino Continuum Transitions with Cutoffs at 22.8 nm and 10.1 nm – R. Mills, Y. Lu, The European Physical J. D, Vol. 64 (2011), Issue 1, pp 65-72. DOI: 10.1140/epjd/e2011-20246-5
Substantial Doppler Broadening of Atomic-Hydrogen Lines in DC and Capacitively Coupled RF Plasmas – K. Akhtar, J.E. Scharer, R.L. Mills, 2009 J. Phys. D: Appl. Phys., Vol. 42, Issue 13, 135207 (12pp), doi:10.1088/0022-3727/42/13/135207.
High-Power-Density Catalyst Induced Hydrino Transition (CIHT) Electrochemical Cell – R. Mills, J. Lotoski, J. Kong, G. Chu, J. He, J. Trevey, Int. J. Hydrogen Energy, 39 (2014), pp. 14512–14530, DOI: 10.1016/j.ijhydene.2014.06.153.
Catalyst Induced Hydrino Transition (CIHT) Electrochemical Cell – R.L. Mills, X. Yu, Y. Lu, G Chu, J. He, J. Lotoski, Int. J. Energy Res., published online December 20, 2013, 25 pages; doi: 10.1002/er.3142
Solid Fuels that Form HOH Catalyst – R. Mills, J. Lotoski, W. Good, J. He, Int. J. Hydrogen Energy, 39 (2014), pp. 11930-11944 DOI: 10.1016/j.ijhydene.2014.05.170.
Design for a BlackLight Power Multi-Cell Thermally Coupled Reactor Based on Hydrogen Catalyst Systems - R. Mills, G. Zhao, W. Good, M. Nansteel, International Journal of Energy Research, Vol. 36 (2012) 778-788. DOI: 10.1002/er.1834.
Continuous Hydrino Thermal Power System, R. Mills, G. Zhao, W. Good, Applied Energy, Vol. 88, (2011) 789-798. DOI: 10.1016/j.apenergy.2010.08.024
Total Bond Energies of Exact Classical Solutions of Molecules Generated by Millsian 1.0 Compared to Those Computed Using Modern 3-21G and 6-31G* Basis Sets – R. Mills, B. Holverstott, W. Good, N. Hogle, A. Makwana, Physics Essays, Vol. 23, No. 1, (2010), pp. 153-199.
Submitted Papers Edit
Other Documents Edit
This section contains all other documents authored by Dr. Randell Mills, recording the fact of his authorship and the existence of such papers, including if possible the date of authorship.
Brilliant Light Power Edit
Brilliant Light Power Inc of Cranbury, New Jersey is a privately held company which was founded by Randell Mills in 1991 under the name of HydroCatalysis Power Corp. The name was changed in the 1990s to Blacklight Power due to the observed emission of intense UV light from processes developed by the company for the production of energy. On 18 November 2015 the name was changed to Brilliant Light Power to reflect an increase in power density using solid fuels that produced a brilliant light source similar to sunlight at the Earth's surface at 50,000 times the intensity.
The company conducts research in the fields of energy and chemistry with the intention of developing products and licensing the production of electrical energy through a proprietary new energy source that will provide cheap and clean power generation. The science is based on Mills' hypothesis that the quantum mechanical model of the electron as simultaneously a dimensionless point and a probability wave that is everywhere until measured is non-physical and wrong.
Instead he proposes that the electron is a real, two dimensional entity that when bound to a proton forms what is called an orbitsphere- an indivisible spherical shell composed of current loops that forms a resonator cavity that can absorb and emit specific photons which alter its radius and stability and the kinetic energy contained in its current pattern that reflect the true nature of spin. What is claimed is that the model provides a simple mechanism for the electron of the hydrogen atom to be induced to drop into stable states below the so-called ground state, the lowest energy state currently accepted by quantum mechanics with the emission of energy far in excess of usual chemical energy. Mills puts forward his rationale in "The Grand Unified Theory of Classical Physics" (GUTCP), which he has made available as a free download. The GUTCP is the theoretical source for Brilliant Light Power's experimental and engineering research.
This theory directly opposes quantum mechanics and the standard model by proposing that Classical Physics applies at all levels, from the scale of quarks to the entire Universe, with unifying equations that only use integer values and fundamental constants. Despite highly accurate predictions that match experimental results, it is not generally accepted by the scientific community.  However Dr. Mills has never shied away from challenging quantum mechanics as invalid and non-physical, stating from the outset:
"I acknowledge that quantum mechanics is strongly entrenched, but even the founding scientists were not convinced of its validity. Quantum mechanics was only begrudgingly accepted over a period of decades, and after decades of development, quantum mechanical theory is plagued with inconsistencies. My theory of the one-electron atom is derived from first principles, predicts four quantum numbers (including spin), and is consistent with experimentation. Quantum mechanics is based on postulates and fails to predict spin. I do not accept incumbency as a validation of scientific argument. Each prediction should be tested against experimentation without prejudice of quantum mechanical preconceptions."
Several scientists and researchers have been prepared to endorse the theory or validate the experimental results. These include inter alia:
Dr. Reinhart Engelmann, Professor of Electrical Engineering, Oregon Graduate Institute of Science and Technology
Shelby T. Brewer, former Assistant Secretary of Energy (dec.)
Dr Günther Landvogt, retired scientist, Philips Research Lab
Dr. John J. Farrell, Franklin & Marshall College
W. Henry Weinberg
Dr. K. V. Ramanujachary
Dr. Nick Glumac
Dr. Gil Crouse
Dr. Terry Copeland
Redacted - 3 person research team report from a Fortune 500 Company
Dr. James K. Pugh & Dr Ethirajulu of Enser Corporation
Dr. Johannes Conrads (dec.)
Prof. Richard Maas (dec.)
Prof. Randy Booker
Brilliant Light Power has received over $85 million in private funding from sophisticated investors, the two most recent being a private raising of over $15 million that closed out oversubscribed in August 2014 and a further raising in July 2016 of $25 million that has not yet completed. Critics have complained that forward looking statements anticipating commercialization in the short term have not yet resulted in a saleable product. Mills response is that the company is small, privately funded, and consistently plowing new ground with engineering applications previously under development superseded in priority by developments in theory and experimentation that will yield improved chances of commercial acceptance .
Brilliant Light Power has conducted three public demonstrations of electricity generation using a process called Solid Fuel - Catalyst Induced Hydrino Transition (SF-CIHT) which uses water as the only expendable product. Dr. Mills has stated that engineering firms have been retained to build and test a commercial prototype called a "SunCellTM" slated for delivery late 2014 to first quarter 2015. On 28 January 2016 Brilliant Light Power completed their fourth public demonstration of SunCell technology. This event showed a prototype of a SunCell without the photo-voltaic cells to convert the generated light energy to electricity. A video of the demonstration is available on the Brilliant Light Power website and here.
A 4th demonstration was held on 28 June 2016 followed by an off site replication on 20 July 2016 at an undisclosed engineering firm, where the energy released vaporized the tungsten electrons and burned through the molybdenum shielding.
A 5th demonstration was held on 26 October 2016 where an updated commercial design of the Suncell was unveiled using recyclable molten silver electrodes, a carbon graphite reactor shell and a new "boiler" mode whereby hydrino reactions were sustainable in the absence on input power based on the silver vapour pressure and input hydrogen alone. Engineering firms Columbia Tech of Coghlin Companies Inc and Masimo semiconductors have been unveiled as the partners assisting in the delivery of the commercial design and photovolatic systems to be incorporated into the Suncell design.
A roadshow presentation of the commercial design was held on 6 December 2016 in Washington DC followed by the announcement on 13 December 2016 of the the members of an advisory Board to assist in commercialisation, naming several senior industry executives including Colin Bannon from BT (British Telecommunications) , Bill Maurer from ABM Industries, Ray Gogel, former President of Current Group and US Grid Co., Matt Key, CEO of everynet with three additional executives from the Telecoms, Finance and Legal professions.
A second roadshow presentation was held in London, England on 16 December 2016 with a third updated Roadshow to be held at ABM Industries Irvine, California on February 28th 2017 from 2-4pm PST.
References (BLP Article) Edit
(see Combined References)
External Links Edit
Grand Unified Theory of Classical Physics Edit
The Grand Unified Theory of Classical Physics describes all physical processes and phenomena in the universe, from the scale of quarks to the Cosmos, using only classical formulas describing the propagation of electromagnetic waves, gravity and relativity, together with simple, well-known physical constants. Starting with the well-known classical laws, elegant and self-consistent formulas can be derived for everything from the energy levels of molecules to the accelerating expansion of the universe.
Origin of the Theory Edit
During his intern year of his Harvard medical degree in 1985, Mills took extra classes at MIT in electrical engineering where he was provided with a draft paper by his then Electrical Engineering Professor, Hermann Haus that provided the proof of a classical basis for the radiation observed from electrons from a free electron laser. Dissatisfied by what he perceived as the postulated stability of the hydrogen atom by the incumbent theory of Quantum Mechanics, which has no physical basis for the stability of a negatively charged point electron undergoing radial acceleration around a positively charged proton, Mills investigated whether a classical description for non-radiation based on Maxwell's Equations could be adapted from the Haus paper to provide a physical basis for the stability of hydrogen in the ground state.
His conclusion was that, while a point charge undergoing acceleration must radiate, an extended distribution of charge undergoing acceleration doesn't have to radiate. For such a model to be consistent, physical and conform to observation, the electron had to be an extended, two dimensional, indivisible membrane composed of negatively charged current loops that, when captured by the charge of a proton, could alter its shape to fully enclose the proton in what Mills termed an "orbitsphere".
The proton and surrounding electron orbitsphere form a dynamic resonator cavity that is stable once the positive field of the proton is balanced by the mass, charge, angular momentum, and kinetic energy of the electron orbitsphere. Like any resonator cavity, the orbitsphere is able to capture photons of discrete energies, which is the physical basis for quantization, and once captured, the intrinsic electric fields of such photons alter the the force balance that exists between the proton and electron. Although Quantum Mechanics does not account for the role of the photon inside the atom nor properly explain the kinetic energy and spin of a bound electron, it is the combination of the properties of the electron orbitsphere and the trapped photon that determines the radius of the electron shell.
For example, photons contain inertial mass and electric fields. When photons are captured by matter such as hydrogen atoms, the mass of the trapped photon is added to the overall mass of the atom and the electric field of the trapped photon superimposes with and reduces the effect of the proton's charge. In the case of excited states where the atom absorbs photons, the physical radius of the electron orbitsphere will increase by 2, 3, 4 etc. as the charge of the photon reduces the central field to 1/2, 1/3, 1/4, etc. These excited states are fractional and therefore unstable and will radiate back to the first stable state with an integer field. When absorbed photons increase the radius of the electron until it is ionized, it becomes a free electron, which in the absence of external fields that affect its curvature, reverts to the shape of a disc.
The radius of a free electron disc is dependent on its velocity, and acceleration of a free electron disc to very high speeds in particle accelerators reduces its radius such that an electron may appear point-like in such experiments despite its extended two dimensional structure. Mills also proposes that the properties of electrons in superfluid helium are experimental proof of its extended nature, with the free electrons forming spherical orbitspheres that do not contain a nucleus in the gaps between the helium atoms. Such nucleus-free electron orbitspheres can still capture specific photons and, as a result, are observed to act as fractional charge carriers due to the superposition of photon and electron fields, wrongly interpreted by Quantum Mechanics as the electron splitting into pieces. Mills is also able to calculate, using simple formulas, ionization energies of 1- to 20-electron atoms that closely match experimental data, something that Quantum Mechanics, and every other theory, is unable to do.
Prediction of Hydrino States Edit
The model gives rise to another prediction - that what Quantum Mechanics postulates as the "ground state" is not the lowest energy state of hydrogen. While the electron orbitsphere of the ground state of hydrogen is stable and cannot emit light to get closer to the proton, it was predicted by Mills that atoms, ions or molecules that can ionise or disassociate on receipt of a specific resonant energy transfer from atomic hydrogen could serve to remove energy contained in the electric fields of the proton and electron.
Just as an excited state of hydrogen is formed by absorbing an external photon which superimposes and reduces the central field of the proton via its intrinsic electric field reducing the proton's central field and causing an increase in radius, the loss of energy from the "ground state" orbitsphere by a resonant transfer process results in the formation of a different type of trapped photon between the proton and the electron that has an intrinsic electric field that superimposes and ADDS an integer value to the central field of the proton. A simpler but less physically correct way to think of the process is that the resonant transfer process removes a negative component from the fields between the proton and electron that increases the positive component of the central field by an integer value.
The integer increase in the central field disrupts the force balance between the proton and electron which will collapse closer to the proton emitting detectable continuum radiation and increasing the kinetic energy of the orbitsphere until the increase in kinetic energy contained in the electron's current pattern is stably balanced by the increased charge and reduction of the radius - this is the hydrino state: stable to radiation, unable to absorb or emit radiation other than in transitions between hydrino states, and with gravitation effects similar to hydrogen, making it the best candidate so far for the dark matter that makes up most of the mass of the Universe. It is also likely to be the cause of solar flares, as re-connection between solar magnetic fields containing protons and electrons, form pinched high density pockets of hydrogen that can act as multi-body catalysts, forming transient high energy pockets of expanding plasma that can burst the containing fields and eject solar material into space.
Hydrino transitions can be effected only by resonance between catalyst atoms, ions or molecules with ionization and dis-associative energies that equal integer multiples of 27.2eV, in a similar manner to that outlined by well known Forster theory in which an excited state donor atom couples to and transfers energy to a matched receptor atom that is able to receive that same amount of energy. The removal of exactly 27.2eV of energy is the amount of energy to form a trapped photon inside the orbitsphere that acts as a +1 increase in charge which superimposes with the charge of the proton. Integer multiples of 27.2eV cause integer increases in the positive charge.
Following the loss of this energy, the formation of a trapped photon and the increase in the central positive field, hydrogen forms an intermediate state at the same radius followed by an increase in radial acceleration of the electron structure as it moves closer to the proton with a concurrent increase in the kinetic energy of the current loops that make up the electron's structure and the emission in form of photons as the energy contained in the fields between the original and final radius is converted to energy. Force balance is again reached when the collapsed hydrogen atom forms what Mills terms a hydrino state, which is both stable to radiation and cannot absorb or emit radiation OTHER than as it moves between hydrino states. Mills proposes that such hydrino states are the identity of dark matter, and their transitions occur in the Sun as the transient but highly energetic source of coronal heating that causes solar flares and coronal mass ejections. Hydrino transition spectral lines also occur in the interstellar medium and can be detected from galaxies, including lines that defy identification with known emission lines but which match predicted hydrino lines.
Mills predicts that there are 136 hydrino states with the physical radius of each state being the ground state radius divided by the hydrino number of 2 to 137. H(1/137) is the smallest possible hydrino that can exist because above H(1/137) the velocity of the current loops in the electron orbitsphere would exceed the speed of light, which in GUTCP is the maximum speed possible. Quantum Mechanics expressly forbids the existence of such hydrino states. Thus if such states exist, Quantum Mechanics will be demonstrated to be completely wrong.
Mills conducted hundreds of experiments prior to applying for the first patent on his claims on 21 April 1989 and has continued to expand upon his original findings and claims to the present day, publishing his findings in peer reviewed journals and developing a company, Brilliant Light Power, to commercialize the production of energy given off by hydrino transitions, which is much greater than chemical energies and therefore represents a new and powerful source of energy not dependent on the extraction of fossil fuels. Although the energy given off in the formation of hydrinos is much less than nuclear energy, it is much greater than chemical energy and may be non-polluting, safe and be obtained cheaply from the environment. In 1990, in conjunction with his former Chemistry Professor John J Farrell, he published the first edition of the Grand Unified Theory containing 140 pages.
Further development of the Theory has expanded in detail upon such matters as the interconversion of matter and energy and its relationship to spacetime expansion and contraction, the origins of gravity at the atomic level based on the curvature of fundamental particles, accurately calculating the energy of formation of molecules based on orbitsphere interactions, predicting in 1995 the accelerating expansion of the Universe before it was experimentally proved in 1998, hydrinos as the identity of dark matter, the identification of hydrino transition lines from the sun, galaxies and interstellar medium.
Water as the source for atomic hydrogen for hydrino transitions Edit
The Theory also predicts that the water molecule can act as a hydrino inducing catalyst. The reason for this claim is that the potential energy of the isolated water molecule, being the energy required to disassociate the water molecule into its ions 2H+ and O+ was calculated by GUTCP as 81.6eV or three times 27.2eV. Thus a water molecule in the presence of atomic hydrogen should act as an effective catalyst. It was discovered by Mills that significant energy could be released by passing low voltage high current electrical pulses through pellets of hydrated conducting powders resulting in intense light emission and the formation of H(1/4). If these claims are correct, the hydrogen contained within a liter of water has the same energy producing potential as 100 liters of high octane gasoline, which means the Earth has a virtually unlimited source of energy in its oceans that can be tapped cheaply and without pollution for billions of years.
Mills claims that the total energy that is produced by a hydrino transition is set out by the following formula where p is the original hydrino state from 1 to 136 and m is the integer multiple of 27.2eV:
and the spectral signatures that arise from the emission of photons by the hydrino intermediate state:
As an example, to break the water molecule into ions requires 81.6eV which is 3 times 27.2eV. In a resonant energy transfer, H(1/1) will transfer 81.6eV to the water molecule disassociating it into its ions and electrons. The loss of this energy causes the formation of a trapped photon within the hydrogen atom that increases the central field by +3 which forms the intermediate. The intermediate is at the radius of but has a central field of +4. As a result the electron orbitsphere is no longer force balanced and undergoes an increase in acceleration as it changes radius, contracting to which is 1/4 the radius of , and emitting energy and increasing the kinetic energy of the current loops that make up the electron.
The total amount of energy released by this transition is:
of which 81.6eV is given off from the disassociated catalyst as it recaptures electrons as well as continuum radiation emission from the intermediate of:
which can be detected with a cutoff at the shorter wavelength. These characteristic continuum radiation signatures of hydrinos from astronomical sources may be mistaken for the signatures of larger nuclei as they first capture a single electron ("Hydrogen like atoms") due to matching continuum radiation energies and possibly detectable due to the presence of unexpected atom or ion densities and temperatures at celestial locations better explained by hydrino transitions.
Mills has provided samples containing hydrino compounds to third parties for analytical testing and moreover has developed numerous tests using standard lab equipment to detect and categorize hydrinos in physical compounds with obvious differences from ordinary matter due to the increased binding energy of hydrinos. He has produced numerous experiments where repeatable laboratory conditions show spectral lines and continuum radiation matching the hydrino transmissions predicted by the Theory.
The current edition of the book, The Grand Unified Theory of Classical Physics, September 2016 edition is available online and comprises 1800 pages that, using only Maxwell's Equations and fundamental constants, explain the interrelationships between Electromagnetism, Gravity, Matter, Energy and Spacetime and sets out a unifed set of rules and equations that govern the Universe at all levels, from quarks to the Cosmos.
The Suncell Edit
The Suncell is the name given to Brilliant Light Power's electrical generator that uses the energy produced by the collapse of hydrogen atoms to produce a plasma that matches the spectral emission of the Sun but at 50,000 times the energy of the Sun at the Earth's surface. It's development followed the discovery by Dr. Randell Mills and his Company that HOH (an isolated water molecule formed through an arc discharge through a solid fuel) could act as an efficient hydrino catalyst to generate H(1/4) and that the high current low voltage arc also prevented ionic build up which was inhibiting the reaction which was dependent on matched resonance between water and hydrogen that initiated the hydrino transitions. As a result extremely high density energy was repeatedly observed in single detonations of solid fuels. In order to produce a continuously operating electrical generator, the Company began building and testing designs to enable the formation and continual detonation of solid fuels that could be repeatedly recycled.
First Generation Suncell Design
This design worked by continually feeding a conducting powder hydrated with water between rotating, conducting gears that act as electrodes. A low voltage but very high amp current was induced through the hydrated powder contained between the interlocking teeth of the gears which initiated hydrino transitions in a reaction between atomic H and the water. The hydrino transition results in the disassociation of the water molecule into ions and ionizes the conducting powders and collapses the H atom to a H(1/4) hydrino that is one quarter the radius of the ground state and which releases a total of 204eV per each H atom. In contrast, to simply produce hydrogen from water by inputting energy by electrolysis requires 1.48eV.
In addition to electrically detonating the hydrated powder and forming hydrinos, the high current provided a source of electrons that prevented the inhibition of the hydrino reaction caused by the increase of positive ions that distort the resonance between H and H20. Self inhibition of the reaction was a major cause of the lower power density of earlier models that precluded earlier commercialization.
The ions recapture electrons and the conducting powder is reformed and re-hydrated by the addition of water before it is recirculated back between the gears to be detonated again.
The energy produced was mostly in the form of light and matches that of the Sun at the Earth's surface but at 50,000x the intensity. As a result, common, off the shelf photovoltaic cells were considered to convert the intense light directly into electricity using partially transparent mirrors to split the light into intensities capable of being handled by commercially available concentrator photovoltaic cells.
By using gears with 60 teeth rotating at 1000rpm, it was hypothesized that the total power produced would equal 1000 times the average energy produced per ignition.
In February 2015 Dr. Mills stated that:
"After millions of hours of research and development, we are now showing demonstration devices that produce meaningful electrical power at power densities and projected cost that is competitive with fire. It will take a little more patience to achieve a commercial device. A lot of technology had to be invented and developed. There will be more to come. We are a small private company taking on a challenge that even nations could not achieve. We will be successful."On 7 July 2015, Dr. Mills indicated that the technology had evolved beyond the rotating gear model:
"The design has gone through many cycles of testing and evolution. Currently it has no moving parts with systems that should last at least 10 to 20 years before replacement with minimum maintenance required. The projected cost is small fraction compared to CPV which may be lower than $100 kW electric. This design should not require years of field tests and redesign. Our plan is to have tested commercial-ready technology before announcing it to the market."In January 2016 Brilliant Light Power posted an announcement of an invitational public demonstration of the SunCellTM to be held at their facility on 28 January 2016. Concurrent with the announcement, diagrams of the current version of SunCellTM with photos and videos, were posted on the Brilliant Light Power website.
Second Generation Suncell Design
Changes to early designs include abandoning the rotating gears in favor of an electromagnetic pump with no moving parts to introduce the conducting molten metals copper and silver to the reactor chamber, the injection of water vapor into the reaction chamber, using the low voltage high current arc to initiate hydrino transition reactions wherein the molten metals are vaporized and the silver vapor absorbs the UV and EUV light from hydrino transitions to create a black body radiator at 5000K. Instead of using the ligh tfrom the plasma directly for electricity generation, the design was changed to a Thermovoltaic system. The reactor chamber was spherical redesigned and fully contained within an enclosed tungsten sphere which absorbs the energy of the plasma and re-radiates it as light from a black body radiator at 3500K. It was intended that the consistent wavelengths from the tungsten radiator at those temperatures will be matched to existing concentrator photovoltaic cells fixed to an outer shell with water cooling that will efficiently convert the emitted wavelengths directly to electricity.
A slow motion video of a prototype gravity fed Suncell reaction chamber was posted to a Brilliant Light Power Vimeo account in January 2016. It shows continual ignition of the molten metals, the production of the silver vapour followed by intensely brilliant light production as the silver vapor cloud absorbs the UV and EUV light produced by the hydrino transitions.
A further video demonstration was held on 28 June 2016 to outline further developments and refinements to the design arising from a new approach in May 2016.
It is believed that an additional change is that hydrogen is now introduced directly into the SunCellTM (instead of water) and that the molten silver contains an extremely stable oxide (identified as LiVO3) which is reduced inside the reactor by the hydrogen gas to form the H2O catalyst. Some oxides were said to work very well whereas others do not. The oxide recycles when oxygen is released during hydrino reactions that disassociate the H2O molecule.
The June/July 2016 videos show SunCellTM reactors vaporizing their reactors in the intense UV light generated. These appear to be test modules composed of molybdenum shielding with a melting point of 2895 K (which show holes vaporized at the point of reaction as well as vaporization of internal tungsten electrodes). Final designs were said to utilize tungsten shielding (melting point 3687 K) with the reactions confined to a tungsten sphere which will be heated to 3500 degrees. As occurs in tungsten filament light bulbs, halide gas would be intended to separate the sphere from the cPV modules to prevent excessive evaporation of the tungsten over prolonged operation. Other possibilities mentioned were to use materials that reflect unusable wavelengths while permitting wavelengths that can be converted to electricity through to the water cooled cPV cells that are arranged in triangular units to form a geodesic dome.
On 24 July 2016 when asked to directly comment on the capabilities of the current SunCellTM design, Dr. Mills stated:
"Let's treat the system as a black box with energy in and energy out. The minimum energy input in Joules to heat the reactor and silver and melt the silver to start the reaction is 1 MJ. There is no energy storage mechanism. This energy is conserved as heat that is returned as output as the system cools to room temperature. Additionally, there is a total input power of less than 10 kW to run the electromagnetic pump, the electrode ignition, and the inductively coupled heater. This heat power and energy also comes out in the coolant loop and laboratory to give an energy balance of zero. At the same time there is over 1 MW of hydrino power contribution. The chemical power in is zero since there is no conventional heat producing reaction possible. The hydrino energy output is about 1 MW times the seconds that it runs which will be expected to be over 10 years in a commercial device. But, if we run for one minute before melt down. The hydrino energy output is 1E6 J/s X 60 s = 60 MJ. This is the net black box output. Even given the abbreviated duration due to the lack of using a refractory material cell, the net is 60 times the start up energy which is also recovered/conserved.
The spectroscopic and calorimetric power and energy balances also confirm these high gains.
The important number is the power in and power out under steady state years of operation. The net power is about 1,000,000 W – 10,000 W = 990,000 W. The net energy from the black box in this case is 990,000 J/s times the seconds of operation. For an exemplary ten years, the net energy is
990,000 X 10 yrs X 365 day/yr X 24 hours/day X 60 minutes/hr X 60 seconds/ minute = 3E14 J net from the black box.
In prior plasma approaches, we also made net heat power, but the power gain was small. In most cases, the output power was only about 10% to 30% more than the input. 130% output relative to the input was not competitive with a heat pump, and at least 300% power gain was necessary to output net electricity since the conversion to electricity is about 30% to 40% efficient.
In contrast, the power gain of the SunCell is 10,000%. The massive excess power is obvious by inspection."
On 02 September 2016 Brilliant Light Power posted a video of a closed SunCellTM running for over one minute. According to the caption of the video, "Closed cell in a sealed chamber having the capability of running 24/7 is now operational. The electrode melting and vaporization problems have been solved as well."
Third generation Suncell Design Edit
On 26 October BrLP conducted a further public demonstration with speakers from developmental partners including Columbia Tech and Masimo Semiconductors and potential consumer British Telecom. The Suncell now utilises a carbon graphite shell instead of tungsten and therefore no longer requires a halide gas to prevent tungsten evaporation. To deal with electrode vaporization, the new design incorporated two separate electromagnetic pumps that project molten silver into the reactor and act as disposable/reformable electrodes for the arc current that triggers the hydrino transitions. Video demonstrations showed prolonged operation of the new system and moreover demonstrated a new "silver boiler" mode where the vaporised silver at pressure maintains the hydrino reactions even in the absence of the arc current and the injection of molten silver- with the only electrical input being an electrolysis cell to generate the hydrogen. The hydrogen from electrolysis is said to diffuse directly into the graphite chamber, whereas the very small, hard to contain non-reactive hydrino molecules diffuse out where they escape to atmosphere and being lighter than air, escape to space where they add to the Universe's inventory of dark matter
During operation the silver vapour inside the reactor is said to be at 10 atmospheres and this pressure will be equalised within the outer dome containing the cPVs. Coupling of the cPV cells and conversion of the light emitted by the graphite black body radiator remains to be demonstrated and creation of triangular test units for the geodesic photovoltaic dome has been placed in the hands of Masimo Semiconductors - formerly Spire Semiconductors which had previously achieved high efficiency in concentrator photovoltaics. The first prototype is slated to incorporate 10% efficient cells for proof of principle of operation with the ability to immediately slot in higher efficency cPVs simply by replacing the triangular units.
BrLP has completed two roadshows of its technology, including the commercial prototype design, commercialization timetable and market strategy to an audience of partners, customers and suppliers, in Washington DC on 6 December 2016 followed by London on 16 December 2016. A third updated roadshow will be held on 28 February 2017 to be held at ABM Industries Irvine, California.
Millsian is a software program that uses the theory behind GUTCP to accurately model atoms and complex molecules using only two basic equations.
In atoms, the coloumbic field of the nucleus and the diamagnetic (repelling) and paramagnetic (attracting) forces that arise between spin paired or unpaired electrons as they are added to a nucleus, form shells (Atomic Orbitals (AO)) that determine their radii and energies, providing a real, physical basis for the postulated Pauli Exclusion Principle. Unlike Quantum Mechanics, which uses complex algorithms on supercomputers and still fails to solve anything accurately other than the hydrogen atom (1 proton and 1 electron), GUTCP's simple formulas using only closed-form equations and fundamental constants results in the correct prediction of ionization energies that match experimental observations of hundreds of atoms and ions and can be calculated using simple Excel spreadsheets.
In molecules formed of more than one atom, the electrons stretch over two nuclei to form prolate spheroidal shells with the nuclei at the foci, called a Molecular Orbitals (MO). The charge builds up at the ends of the bond, closer to the nuclei, reducing the total energy of the system. The MO shell sometimes completely surrounds the AO shells, but more often bridges between them.
Atoms and bonds are made up of discrete surfaces of negative charge and Millsian is able to calculate and render the exact charge distribution profiles for molecules of any size and complexity.
In smaller molecules the electron's location can be determined specifically such that they can be used as building blocks to instantly solve larger molecules of arbitrary size and complexity on a computer no more powerful than the average desktop PC whereas QM based molecular modelling software requires supercomputers running complex algorithms for long periods of time and delivering inexact results. The shape and charge density of these larger molecules can be determined exactly, permitting Millsian to identify molecular interactions and binding sites critical for biochemistry and drug design more accurately than any other computational chemistry software.
Opposition and Support Edit
Dr. Mills began work on what was to become the Grand Unified Theory of Classical Physics in 1988, during which he conducted experiments to support his conclusions as to the nature of the electron, its stability and the means to cause changes to the stability of the ground state. He sought his first patent on his discoveries in 1989 and fleshed out a first edition of the Grand Unified Theory in conjunction with Professor of Chemistry John J. Farrell of Franklin and Marshall College which was first published in 1990.
When Dr. Mills first solved all two-electron atoms with an integer formula - something impossible under Quantum Mechanics, he submitted the one and two-electron atom solutions to the prestigious journal, Physical Review. The comments were that the paper seems to be a historical breakthrough, tremendously significant and the Editor asked Dr. Mills to solve three-electron atoms, and if he was successful, he would publish they paper in Physical Review. Dr. Mills solved the three-electron atom problem that had remarkable agreement with experimental values and resubmitted the paper. However the Editor had changed from a European to an American who rejected both the undertaking and the submitted paper, claiming that the solutions violated the Heisenberg Uncertainty Principle (HUP), which he regarded as an inviolate law of nature. Dr. Mills argued that the HUP is not a law of nature, there are many counter examples, and that the HUP was just a mathematical consequence of the false model of the singularity electron being everywhere at once. The new editor refused to budge from his position. Since then Dr. Mills among other things has exactly solved 20 electron atoms and produced the Excel spreadsheets showing the exact workings based on his Grand Unified Theory.
The Theory was to be overshadowed by the claims of unrelated third parties to have invented cold fusion - nuclear reactions at energies far below that to overcome the coulomb barrier of repulsion. Mills theory predicted that hydrinos and the energy emitted to create them were chemical in nature. Moreover, unlike cold fusion, the experiments that created hydrinos used catalysts that were expressly based on the theory and its predictions and could be reproduced on demand.
In 1991 Dr. Mills held a press conference outlining his theory and its claims which attracted the attention of members of the theoretical physics community that was already instituting a backlash against the claims of cold fusion which appeared unpredictable and moreover did not show any clear sign that nuclear reactions were taking place. Dr. Mills and his company were specifically targeted by name by Prof. Bob Park, who had created and appointed himself to the role of Director of Public Information within the American Physical Society to liaise with politicians and the press to put forward his and Society's positions on science and public policy.
Although not actually investigating Dr. Mills claims, Prof. Park's belief that the ground state was an inviolable fact that must not be challenged caused him to denounce Dr. Mills, his company and the hydrino in an unofficial blog and continued to do so for the next two decades. In addition, he mobilized other physicists, including, Dr. Peter Zimmerman, who then worked for the State Department to "fight back" against "inventors of hydrinos", a policy which was claimed to have had "some success".
In response Dr. Mills accused Prof. Park and others of defamation that included outright and insinuated allegations of criminal conduct that went far beyond permissible difference of theoretical opinions.
When Dr. Mills announced in 2000 that a US patent had been issued on the Blacklight process and that the Company would shortly commence an estimated billion dollar IPO to fund the further development of the technology and its commercialization, a person, believed by most persons to be Prof. Park from his own comments on his blog and from comments from other Park associates, privately contacted the director of the Patent Office.
Whatever the contents of that correspondence, to which Mills was given no opportunity to respond, the USPTO took the extraordinary step of un-issuing the granted patent, which had already been paid for and published as having been issued.
Dr. Mills commenced legal action which argued the narrow point that as the patent had paid for and published as issued, it was beyond the power of the Director to reverse at that late stage, a legal argument usually described as "functus officio" where a statutory officer has exercised its statutory power and their role or function is complete and cannot be reopened or re-exercised.) However the Court upheld the right of the Director to take such action even after payment and publication. Following her legal victory, the Director of the USPTO took the opportunity to remove another patent of Dr. Mills from its then examiner and gave it to a different examiner who unsurprisingly immediately rejected it.
Bob Park's associate Peter Zimmerman moved to England in 2004, to became Professor of Science and Security in the Department of War Studies at King's College.
In September 2016, Brett Holverstott, a former BlackLight Power intern and collaborator with Dr. Mills, published Randell Mills and the Search for Hydrino Energy. Holverstott's book presents a first-hand account of the development of the GUTCP in the context of the philosophical beginnings of quantum mechanics and a study of how new ideas gain acceptance in professional communities and the public at large.
[Work in progress]
UKPTO & Marchant: Denial of Patent rights: 2008 Determination, Appeal & 2009 redetermination. Edit
The blockade established by the USPTO at the request of third parties against granting any patents associated with Dr. Mills and BLP was to be expanded to England.
In 2008 Deputy Director Marchant of the UKPTO gave a decision rejecting Blacklight Power's application for a patent. Although DD Marchant did not claim to have received correspondence from theoretical physicists that he should reject the application, he did hold that he was not competent to assess whether the theory upon which the application was based could replace Quantum Mechanics (para 28), that he was not competent to assess the experimental evidence (para 31), and that of the 117 papers submitted by Mills in support of the new theory, he would disregard all and any that he considered were by Mills or linked to BLP, even in the case of contractors, even though such papers provided clear experimental evidence to assess the theoretical claims. As a result out of 117 papers in support, he chose to only consider 15 old papers, none of which were current and which were mostly heat measurements on outdated electrolytic cells. DD Marchant considered these limited papers did not endorse the theory even though they mentioned the theory and in some cases could not come up with any other explanations for the results other than hydrino transitions (para 34).
The test claimed to be adopted by DD Marchant was to see how GUTCP was received by the physics community "at large". BLP argued the references and papers supplied to the Deputy Director were adequate references to form an objective opinion as to the correctness of the claims based on detailed experimental evidence. Dissatisfied with this, DD Marchant googled the internet finding in his words "skepticism", "fan mail" and "heated dispute" as to what should be said about the theory, which appears to be a reference to the contentious wikipedia site - itself the subject of litigation in 2014 for defamation content against Dr Mills and Blacklight Power.
Dr Mills submitted that GUTCP was ignored because of vested interests which DD Marchant considered himself qualified to immediately reject. He considered that based on what he read, scientists willing embrace new ideas as they arise, mentioning string theory and supersymmetry, loop quantum gravity, the Higgs Particle, dark matter and dark energy, modified Newtonian Dynamics, and that unification of the particles and forces could be mapped onto the E8 Lie symmetry group. However most of these are concepts that GUTCP demonstrates to be serious misinterpretations of experimental data, if not completely wrong.
The ultimate test DD Marchant claimed to apply was that the theory should be more likely than not provides a valid description of atomic systems. Since DD Marchant held the theory did not and he claimed a belief that hydrinos do not exist in nature he did not consider the invention to be possible and denied the application.
Blacklight appealed to the Court which held that DD Marchant had applied the wrong test and remitted the application back to the UKPTO to apply the test as to whether there was a reasonable prospect that on a full investigation with the benefit of expert evidence GUTCQM will turn out to be a valid theory.
DD Marchant conducted the remitted hearing into his own application of the wrong test. He immediately reaffirmed that his conduct of the previous hearing was correct and despite the direction of the Court of Appeal again affirmed that the test he proposed to follow was the "acceptance of GUTCQM as a valid theory by the relevant scientific community". As justification he mentioned the billions of dollars spent on rival theories, which although an express contradiction to his findings that the theoretical physics community weren't driven by competition for funding of billions of dollars, was presented by him in his decision as proof that GUTCP must be wrong.
DD Marchant stated:
"Considering the means by which new theories make their way towards general acceptance, this seems to happen in one of two ways. Some theories, once expounded, provide immediate clarification of inconsistencies that have beset the field for a number of years and rapidly become accepted as a new and valid explanation of nature. They usually involve some new unifying principle which explains a number of outstanding problems at a stroke and provides both a new understanding of physical phenomena and startling new insights. Maxwell’s explanation of electrodynamic phenomena, and Einstein’s theories of special and general relativity were such developments.We can be sure that if GUTCQM had provided such a startling unifying principle, it would very quickly have been recognised as such and incorporated into the general view of nature"
"It does not in my view get off the starting blocks for inclusion among the group of such theories which might eventually turn out to be valid."
The Director's observations are deeply surprising. GUTCP does seem to objectively provide such a unifying principle and startling insights. It provides simple closed formulas containing only fundamental constants that predict results verified by experiment that cannot be matched by quantum mechanical algorithms run on supercomputers. It provides clear answers to mysteries and inconsistencies across all areas of physics. It explains the sun's corona, dark matter, the origin of gravity, the accelerating expansion of the Universe, disproves the Big Bang, abolishes string theory, disproves the Higgs Boson and predicts what was actually detected. It does not merely clarify the inconsistencies of physics, it solves them.
If GUTCP does in fact turn out to be valid and the hydrino becomes recognised as an obviously real form of hydrogen that is dark matter and drives the energy release observed in the Sun's corona, then both the USPTO and the UKPTO will necessarily have to undertake a firm reassessment of their conduct of patent hearings as to how such serious mistakes impinging on valuable IP rights of could have been made by an officer exercising such important statutory powers.
In particular the officer's decision to refuse to consider all of the evidence placed before it or be capable of independently analyzing such evidence, to do research by googling or reading popular science books, and to kill off new ideas and methods (by their nature being not widely shared and requiring urgent need of patent protection) by reference to endorsement of incumbent and majority positions without even considering that a majority position is capable of being completely and utterly wrong and may be driven to oppose ideas that would negate billions of dollars of funding.
Wikipedia - Slander and Defacement of the Blacklight Power Article by Wikipedia Editors Edit
The Wikipedia page on Blacklight Power began as a small uncontroversial article that outlined factual developments in the Company and sought to explain the claimed theoretical basis behind the Grand Unified Theory of Classical Physics, plainly stating the theory was not considered mainstream but was based on experimental evidence as well papers published in peer reviewed journals.
Inexplicably the page began to fall under immediate assault by anonymous trolls who removed all reference to peer reviewed journals, experimental evidence and made unproven and defamatory allegations of fraud. The trolls were persons who were granted editorial control of the wiki pages and despite repeated attempts to restrain the article to a fair and neutral factual description continued to make false and malicious accusations against Blacklight Power and its founder Dr. Mills. Protected by their anonymity and by the US Courts decision that Wikipedia was immune to suit to publication made under its banner, it was revealed in numerous arguments in the talk pages that the "editors" considered it their duty to present Blacklight power in a negative and criminal light and banned any person who corrected the numerous omissions, falsehoods and defamation that the page contained or referred to the content as defamatory, claiming that pointing out content was defamatory was a threat of legal action which entitled them to ban any objector.
As Wikipedia is currently immune legal from suit, actions for defamation must be taken against editors personally. As these are anonymous and wikipedia does not assist in either controlling or identifying editors who make up false and malicious content, this proves an impediment to an injured party in attaining justice for reputation and commercially damaging wikipedia content. Interestingly, the immunity granted by the US Courts to Wikipedia which can be accessed globally, does not necessarily extend beyond the United States.
Despite being a public figure, the editors deleted a separate factual and biographical page of Dr. Mills and redirected it to their hacked wiki site, presumably to conceal from public oversight Dr. Mills background, his scholastic and academic achievements as well as his numerous published papers which were and are inconsistent with the defamatory content and the imputation that the editors wished to convey about Dr. Mills.
In 2014, Blacklight sued the anonymous editors of the page, identified only by their pseudonyms. The editors responded by obliterating all reference to the suit from the Blacklight Power wiki and repeated the defamatory content by means of a selectively quoted pastiche of blogs and negative quotes from select scientists who have never tested any aspect of the theoretical and experimental evidence including persons such as Bob Park and Peter Zimmerman who have long been in public conflict with Dr Mills. Many quotes are dishonestly taken out of context from articles in which both sides of the arguments for and against were given equal prominence. Tellingly, none of the authors of the defamatory quotes cited from the context of the articles in which they were originally made (in some cases more than 16 years ago) have been repeated by the attributed authors since they were made.
Wiki references to papers by Rathke, Norman Dombey, de Castro and others who triumphantly claim that hydrino states are incompatible with Quantum Mechanics would in fact find no argument from Dr. Mills who has stated from the outset that quantum mechanics is a postulated, inconsistent theory that fails at even basic calculations using a supercomputer which can be solved exactly using GUTCP in closed form equations on a basic PC.
References (GUTCP Article)
(see Combined References)
External Links Edit
This contains the publication and edition dates of all books authored by Dr. Randell Mills including the dates of editions. Online editions reflect the date of major updates.
Mills, Randell L., Farrell, John J., THE GRAND UNIFIED THEORY, Mills Technologies, 1990
Mills, Randell L., The UNIFICATION of SPACETIME, the FORCES, MATTER. and ENERGY. Technomics Publishing Company, Lancaster, PA, (1992)
Mills, Randell L., The GRAND UNIFIED THEORY of CLASSICAL QUANTUM MECHANICS, Technomics Publishing Company, Lancaster, PA, (1995).
Mills, Randell L., The GRAND UNIFIED THEORY of CLASSICAL QUANTUM MECHANICS, Second Edition, Science Press, Ephrata, PA, (1996)
Randell L. Mills, William R. Good, John J. Farrell, Unification of Spacetime, the Forces, Matter and Energy Hardcover – July 31, 1996
The Grand Unified Theory of Classical Quantum Mechanics Hardcover – January 1, 1999 by Dr. Randell L. Mills
The Grand Unified Theory of Classical Quantum Mechanics Hardcover – January 1, 2000 by Dr. Randell L. Mills
Randell L. Mills, The Grand Unified Theory of Classical Physics - June 2008 Online Edition
Randell L. Mills, The Grand Unified Theory of Classical Physics - July 2010 Online Edition
Randell L. Mills, The Grand Unified Theory of Classical Physics - August 2011 Online Edition
Randell L. Mills, The Grand Unified Theory of Classical Physics - Spring 2014 Online Edition
Patents granted in all jurisdictions by date order Edit
Patent Applications pending Edit
Patent Applications refused in date order and jurisdiction Edit
References (R. Mills Bio) Edit
(see Combined References)
External Links Edit
Combined References [BLP] [GUTCP] [BIO] Edit
- ↑ F&M College Reporter: 21 April 1981; 5 May 1981
- ↑ F&M College Reporter, 14 April 1981
- ↑ http://www.fandm.edu/chemistry/endowed-awards-scholarships
- ↑ F&M College Reporter, 5 May 1981 http://www.fandm.edu/physics/michael-albert-lewis-memorial-prize
- ↑ F&M College Reporter, 5 May 1981
- ↑ 6.0 6.1 6.2 Mills, Randell L. (August 2011). "The Grand Unified Theory of Classical Physics," August 2011 ed." [BLP]
- ↑ Mina Kimes (July 29, 2008). "BlackLight's physics-defying promise: Cheap power from water". CNNMoney.com
- ↑ 8.0 8.1 Fuel's paradise? Power source that turns physics on its head. The Guardian. 4 Nov 2005
- ↑ R.L.Mills, "Reply to 'Comments on Excess Heat Production by the Electrolysis of an Aqueous Potassium Carbonate Electrolyte and the Implications for Cold Fusion',"Fusion Technology,Vol 21,No 1, Jan 1992, p96
- ↑ 10.0 10.1 Citation Needed
- ↑ http://www.blacklightpower.com/demonstration-day
- ↑ Haus, H. A. (1986). "On the radiation from point charges". American Journal of Physics 54: 1126.Bibcode:1986AmJPh..54.1126H. doi:10.1119/1.14729.
- ↑ GUTCP 2014 Spring Edition: page 26
- ↑ R. Mills, “The Nature of Free Electrons in Superfluid Helium—a Test of Quantum Mechanics and a Basis to Review its Foundations and Make a Comparison to Classical Theory,” Int. J. Hydrogen Energy, Vol. 26, No. 10, (2001), pp. 1059 1096.
- ↑ https://groups.yahoo.com/neo/groups/SocietyforClassicalPhysics/conversations/messages/5903
- ↑ http://physicsessays.org/browse-journal-2/product/373-19-pdf-r-l-mills-b-holverstott-b-good-n-hogle-a-makwana-total-bond-energies-of-exact-classical-solutions-of-molecules-generated-by-millsian-1-0-compared-to-those-computed-using-modern-3-21-g-and-6-31-g-basis-sets.html
- ↑ http://www.villagevoice.com/2000-04-25/news/the-empire-strikes-back/full/
- ↑ http://archive.randi.org/site/jr/092002.html
- ↑ http://www.ipo.gov.uk/p-challenge-decision-results/o11408.pdf
- ↑ Blacklight Power Inc. v The Comptroller-General of Patents EWCH 2763
- ↑ http://www.ipo.gov.uk/p-challenge-decision-results/o17009.pdf
General Listing of References Edit
Add references to a list and cull facts from them.